5 Musculoskeletal Screening Tests For Swimmers 

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Musculoskeletal screening is important for swimmers of all ages. These tests can help identify potential injuries and keep you healthy and fit in the pool. We share some musculoskeletal tips from BMJ in this article!

What are the benefits of a musculoskeletal screening for swimmer?

Screening for musculoskeletal injuries is important for both the individual swimmer and the team. A positive screening can identify potential injuries and help to prevent them from becoming more serious. Musculoskeletal screenings can also help to identify issues early and provide the athlete with the opportunity to correct them before they become more serious.

There are a number of benefits to having a musculoskeletal screening for swimmers. First, it can help to identify potential injuries early on in their development, allowing for prompt treatment. Second, it can provide athletes with an idea of which muscles and joints are most susceptible to injury, which can help them take precautions when playing their sport. Finally, a positive screening can provide athletes with information about their current level of fitness and how they might improve it.

 Range of Motion Test

A Range of Motion Test is a type of test that measures how much range of motion your joints have. This can help identify any limitations in movement and can be used to improve your overall function. Musculoskeletal screenings for swimmers may include range-of-motion tests to assess joint laxity, muscle strength, and joint mobility. These screenings can provide valuable information about your health and injury risks while swimming. Additionally, these tests may identify exercises or corrective actions that can help improve your performance.

Muscle Strength Tests

Muscle relaxation tests measure how easily a muscle can be relaxed. This is done by using a technique called surface electrodes. One electrode is placed on the upper lip and another on the tongue. The subject then tries to make a fist, and the amount of time it takes for the hand to relax is recorded.

Muscle strength tests are used to determine whether any muscular weakness exists. This can be done by measuring the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the muscle. The MVC is determined by measuring how much force a subject can generate with their quadriceps muscles when asked to extend their knee as far as possible against resistance (i.e., an immovable object).

Flexibility Tests

Joint laxity is the ability of a joint to move freely. This is measured by using a technique called the joint capsule examination. The examiner places two fingers inside the front of the subject’s shoe and feels for any restrictions in range of motion. If there are any, this will be indicated on the exam report.

Joint mobility tests are used to determine how flexible a subject’s joints are at different ranges of motion. The tests are performed by having the subject do a series of exercises that stretch or move their joints in different directions. These exercises can be performed solo or with somebody else assisting (a partner).

5: Post-Exercise Screening

After completing an endurance activity, such as swimming, it is important to screen for any muscle soreness or injury. Muscle soreness can occur due to overuse or microtrauma to the muscle fibres. Injury may occur if there is too much force applied while stretching, contracting, or moving during exercise.

 Joint Mobility Tests

Swimming is a great exercise for overall body fitness, but it can also be very taxing on the joints. Swimmers should perform joint mobility tests to ensure they are able to move their joints freely and avoid injuries.

The five main joint mobility tests are the Glute Bridge, Single Leg Calf Raise, Knee Extension, Hip Flexor Stretch, and Supine Twisting Hip Flexor Stretch. Each test is designed to assess a different type of joint mobility. The Glute Bridge assesses flexibility in the glutes and hamstrings; the Single Leg Calf Raise tests the range of motion in the calf muscles; Knee Extension tests knee extension range of motion; Hip Flexor Stretch assesses hip flexion range of motion, and Supine Twisting Hip Flexor Stretch evaluates hamstring flexibility.

If you’re a swimmer, it’s important to perform these joint mobility tests regularly to ensure you stay safe on the pool deck.

Postural Analysis Tests

Postural analysis tests are used to evaluate the alignment of the body, which can indicate if a swimmer is experiencing any musculoskeletal issues. These tests can help identify problems such as anterior pelvic tilt and lordosis, which can lead to pain and decreased performance.

If a swimmer is experiencing any discomfort or pain in their musculoskeletal system, it is important to get evaluated and treated as soon as possible. Postural analysis tests can provide valuable information about the health of a swimmer’s spine, hips, and shoulders, allowing for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Physiotherapy for Swimmers

Physiotherapy is an important part of the training and rehabilitation of swimmers. Swimming can be a strenuous activity on the body, and it is important to maintain good health and mobility of the joints and muscles.

Physiotherapy can help swimmers stay healthy and injury-free. Therapists like BMJ Physiotherapy can prescribe exercises and stretches to improve flexibility and joint mobility. They can also advise on proper posture and alignment, which can help prevent pain and injuries.

If a swimmer experiences any pain or discomfort, physiotherapy can help to diagnose the problem and provide treatment. This may include targeted exercises, stretches, massage, or ice/heat therapy. Swimming is a great exercise for overall fitness, but it’s important to take care of your body so you can enjoy it for years to come. If you’re in Singapore, look for BMJ at https://bmjtherapy.com!


Musculoskeletal screening is important for swimmers of all ages. By taking these tests, you can identify potential injuries and keep yourself healthy and fit in the pool.

Marilynn Veness

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